A. Michael Froomkin

Laurie Silvers and Mitchell Rubenstein Distinguished Professor of Law

J.D. 1987, Yale Law School
M.Phil. 1984, Cambridge University

Phone: (305)284-4285
Office: G382

A. Michael Froomkin, the Laurie Silvers and Mitchell Rubenstein Distinguished Professor of Law, received an M.Phil. degree from Cambridge University in 1984, and a J.D. from Yale Law School in 1987.

He clerked for Judge Stephen F. Williams of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit and for John F. Grady, chief judge of the Northern District of Illinois. Professor Froomkin joined the University of Miami faculty after working in the London office of the Washington, D.C., firm of Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering.

Professor Froomkin is the founder and editor-in-chief of JOTWELL: The Journal of Things We Like (Lots), an online law journal that publishes reviews of the best new scholarship relating to the law.  He is also the founder of the We Robot conference on legal and policy issues relating to robotics. 

He is an Affiliated Fellow of the Yale Information Society Project (Yale ISP), and on the Advisory Boards of the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), and the Future of Privacy Forum.

Professor Froomkin currently teaches Administrative Law, Torts, and short courses in Robot Law and Privacy.  He has also taught Constitutional Law, Civil Procedure I, International Law, Internet Law, Jurisprudence, and Trademark, and seminars in Internet Governance, Law & Games, Regulation of Digital Identity, and Electronic Commerce.


Privacy as Safety, with Zak Colangelo, 95 Wash. L. Rev. 141 (2020).

When AIs Outperform Doctors: Confronting the Challenges of a Tort-Induced Over-Reliance on Machine Learning, with Ian Kerr, Joelle Pineau, 61 Ariz. L. Rev. 33 (2019).

Big Data: Destroyer of Informed Consent, 21 Yale J. L. & Tech. 27 (2019).

Lessons Learned Too Well: Anonymity in a Time of Surveillance, 59 Ariz. L. Rev. 95 (2017).

Introduction, Robot Law (2016).

Robot Law (2016).

Self-Defense Against Robots and Drones, with P. Colangelo, 48 Conn. L. Rev. 1 (2015).

From Anonymity to Identification, 1 J. Self-Reg. & Reg. 121 (2015).

Pseudonyms by Another Name: Identity Management in a Time of Surveillance, Privacy in the Modern Age: The Search for Solutions 61 (2015).

Regulating Mass Surveillance as Privacy Pollution: Learning from Environmental Impact Statements, 2015 U. Ill. L. Rev. 1713 (2015).

The Death of Privacy (translated into Chinese), The Study of Information Privacy: The Generation, Development, Application and Controversies of Information Privacy, with Zhang Minan, Lin Taisong, (2014).

"PETs Must Be on a Leash": How U.S. Law (and Industry Practice) Often Undermines and Even Forbids Valuable Privacy Enhancing Technology, 74 Ohio St. L.J. 965 (2013).

ICANN and the Domain Name System After the 'Affirmation of Commitments', Research Handbook on Governance of the Internet 27 (2013).

Hard to BELIEVE: The High Cost of a Biometric Identity Card, with Jonathan Weinberg, The Chief Justice Earl Warren Inst. on Law & Soc. Pol'y at U.C. Berkeley Sch. L. (2012).

Almost Free: An Analysis of ICANN's 'Affirmation of Commitments' , 9 J. Telecomm. & High Tech. L. 187 (2011).

Ethical, Legal and Social Issues for Personal Health Records and Applications, with Reid Cushman, Anita Cava, Patricia Abril, Kenneth Goodman, 43 J. Biomedical Informatics (Supplement) S51 (2010).

Government Data Breaches, 24 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1019 (2009).

Building the Bottom Up from the Top Down, 5 I/S: J.L. & Pol'y for Info. Soc'y 141 (2009).

Identity Cards and Identity Romanticism, Lessons from the Identity Trail: Anonymity, Privacy and Identity in a Networked Society, with Ian Kerr, Valerie Steeves, Carole Lucock, 245 (2009).

Anonymity and the Law in the United States, Lessons from the Identity Trail: Anonymity, Privacy and Identity in a Networked Society, with Ian Kerr, Valerie Steeves, Carole Lucock, 441 (2009).

The Uneasy Case for National ID Cards , Securing Privacy in the Internet Age, with Anupam Chander, Lauren Gelman, Margaret Radin, 295 (2008).

The New Health Information Architecture: Coping with the Privacy Implications of the Personal Health Records Revolution, UM ELSI Group for Project HealthDesign (2008).

Forced Sharing of Patient-Controlled Health Records, Project HealthDesign Ethical Legal & Soc. Issues (ELSI) Group U. Miami (2007).

ELSI Guide to Licensing Project HealthDesign Work Product in the Public Interest, Project HealthDesign (2007).

The Future of Internet Governance, with Tim Wu, Esther Dyson, David Gross, Miriam Sapiro, 101 Am. Soc'y Int'l L. Proc. 201 (2007).

Creating a Viral Federal Privacy Standard, 48 B.C. L. Rev. 55 (2007).

The Plural of Anecdote is "Blog", 84 Wash. U. L. Rev. 1149 (2006).

A Dispatch From the Crypto Wars, 2 I/S: J.L. & Pol'y for Info. Soc'y 345 (2006).

International and National Regulation of the Internet , The Round Table Expert Group on Telecommunications Law: Conference Papers, with E. Dommering, N.A.N.M. van Eijk, (2005).

Virtual Worlds, Real Rules, with Caroline Bradley, 49 N.Y.L. Sch. L. Rev. 103 (2004).

When We Say US™, We Mean It!, 41 Hous. L. Rev. 839 (2004).

Technologies for Democracy , Democracy Online: The Prospects for Political Renewal Through the Internet, with Peter Shane , 3 (2004).

Commentary: Time to Hug a Bureaucrat, 35 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 139 (2003).

ICANN and Antitrust , with Mark Lemley, 2003 U. Ill. L. Rev. 1 (2003).

ICANN 2.0: Meet the New Boss, 36 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. 1087 (2003).

Habermas@discourse.net: Toward a Critical Theory of Cyberspace, 116 Harv. L. Rev. 749 (2003).

Anonymity in the Balance (book chapter), DIGITAL ANONYMITY: TENSIONS AND DIMENSIONS, with C. Nicoll (ed.), J.E.J. Prins (ed.), M.J.M. van Dellen (ed.), (2003).

Internet's International Regulation: Emergence and Enforcement, Évolution des Systèmes Juridiques, Bijuridisme et Commerce International / The Evolution of Legal Systems, Bijuralism and International Trade 353 (2002).

Form and Substance in Cyberspace, 6 J. Small & Emerging Bus. L. 93 (2002).

ICANN's "Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy"—Causes and (Partial) Cures, 67 Brook. L. Rev. 605 (2002).

The Collision of Trademarks, Domain Names, and Due Process in Cyberspace, 44 Comm. ACM 91 (2001).

Internet Governance: The ICANN Experiment (Or Three Paradoxes in Search of a Paradigm), La Libertad de Información: Gobierno y Arquitectura de Internet 12 (2001).

Beating Microsoft at Its Own Game, with J. DeLong, Harv. Bus. Rev. 159 (2000).

Wrong Turn in Cyberspace: Using ICANN to Route Around the APA and the Constitution, 50 Duke L.J. 17 (2000).

The Death of Privacy?, 52 Stan. L. Rev. 1461 (2000).

Speculative Microeconomics for Tomorrow's Economy , Internet Publishing and Beyond: The Economics of Digital Information and Intellectual Property, with J. DeLong, 6 (2000).

Semi-Private International Rulemaking: Lessons Learned from the WIPO Domain Name Process, Regulating the Global Information Society 211 (2000).

The Constitution and Encryption Regulation: Do We Need a "New Privacy"?, 3 N.Y.U. J. Legis. & Pub. Pol'y 25 (1999).

Of Governments and Governance, 14 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 617 (1999).

Legal Issues in Anonymity and Pseudonymity, 15 Info. Soc'y 113 (1999).

A Commentary on WIPO's "The Management of Internet Names and Addresses: Intellectual Property Issues", (1999).

A Critique of WIPO's RFC 3, (1999).

Firme digitali e Autorità di Certificazione: La garanzie di validità degli atti elettronici, with Giovanni Nasi (tr.), 23 INGENIUM (Italy) 12 (1998).

Computers & the Law: Recent Developments in US Computer Law, Amicus Curiae 27 (1998).

Article 2B as Legal Software for Electronic Contracting—Operating System or Trojan Horse?, 13 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1023 (1998).

The Empire Strikes Back, 73 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 1101 (1998).

Digital Signatures Today, Financial Cryptography 287 (1997).

The Internet as a Source of Regulatory Arbitrage , Borders in Cyberspace: Information Policy and the Global Information Infrastructure, with Brian Kahin, Charles Nesson, 129 (1997).

It Came From Planet Clipper: The Battle over Cryptographic Key "Escrow", 1996 U. Chi. Legal F. 15 (1996).

Flood Control on the Information Ocean: Living With Anonymity, Digital Cash, and Distributed Databases, 15 J.L. & Com. 395 (1996).

The Essential Role of Trusted Third Parties in Electronic Commerce, 75 Or. L. Rev. 49 (1996).

Reinventing the Government Corporation, 1995 U. Ill. L. Rev. 543 (1995).

Anonymity and Its Enmities, 1 J. Online L. art. 4 (1995).

The Metaphor is the Key: Cryptography, the Clipper Chip, and the Constitution, 143 U. Pa. L. Rev. 709 (1995).

The Constitutionality of Mandatory Key Escrow—A First Look, Building in Big Brother: The Cryptographic Policy Debate, with Lance Hoffman, 413 (1995).

The Imperial Presidency's New Vestments, 88 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1346 (1994).

Still Naked After All These Words, 88 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1420 (1994).

Politiké Finance V ÈSFR, with Steve Gordon, 12 PRÁVNÍK 1079 (1990).

Climbing the Most Dangerous Branch: Legisprudence and the New Legal Process, 66 Tex. L. Rev. 1071 (1988).

Note, In Defense of Administrative Agency Autonomy, 96 Yale L.J. 787 (1987).

 Media Appearances

"Fiddler's Creek suits become latest in libel, slander cases involving bloggers" in Marco Eagle 2013

"Suit: Internet cafe law also bans computers" in The Tampa Tribune 2013

"The Death of Privacy" is quoted in the article "For Their Eyes Only" in Computerworld India 2013

 Presentations & Awards

Privacy (June 1, 2016)

The Future Frontiers of Online Privacy, Big Data/Privacy: Pick One? (January 23, 2016)

Discussant: Robots in American Law (April 2, 2016)

Privacy Personae-Us Legal (And Political) Considerations (October 26, 2015)

Drones as Threats: Privacy and Property Rights (November 6, 2015)

Lessons Learned Too Well: Anonymity in a Time of Surveillance (May 2, 2015)

Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS) (July 22, 2015)

Panel on Automated Decision-Making and the Law (January 3, 2015)

“Who governs the Internet?” (December 22, 2014)

International Privacy Law Conference (July 30, 2013)

Phone: (305)284-4285
Office: G382
Faculty Assistant


Phone: (305) 284-2476
Office: G387