LL.M. in International Law: General or Inter-American Specialization

Inter-American Law

2 Choices of Specializations

1) LL.M. in International Law (General)
2) LL.M. in International Law (Inter-American Law)

Who Should Consider this Degree? With Which Specialization?

The LL.M. in International Law(General)
-ideally for American law graduates looking to deepen their knowledge of International Law.
The LL.M. in International Law (Inter-American Law):
-for U.S. law graduates and foreign law graduates who wish to specialize in Latin American practice;
-for experienced attorneys who are practicing, or intend to practice, in or with Latin America and are looking to deepen their expertise;
-for current Miami Law students looking to focus on this field with a joint degree.

 Study Options: Full-time, Part-time, Joint J.D./LL.M.

Full-time, Part-time Study
Students may study either specialization on a full-time or part-time basis. For part-time study, the sameminimum number of creditsis required for the LL.M. degree and must be earned within two years from the initial date of matriculation.Joint Degree OptionsJ.D./LL.M.

Joint Degree in International Law
LL.M. students wishing to also obtain a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree and J.D. students wishing to also obtain an LL.M. in International Law. The Joint J.D./LL.M. in International Law offers the 
opportunity to earn both degrees at once, saving both time and tuition expense.

 Fall or Spring Admissions

Applications to either specialization in the International Law LL.M. Program are accepted on a rolling basis with a Fall admissions priority deadline of May 1.
-Applications for admission are accepted up until the beginning of the program in early August.
-Foreign-trained law students must begin the program in the Fall.
-Applications are reviewed by an admissions committee as soon as all required documents are received.

1) LL.M. in International Law (General)

Today’s legal practice and legal institutions are unavoidably multinational as the world has become more global and countries more interconnected. Legal rules that previously affected domestic matters are now often subject to the laws of numerous jurisdictions, which is why the understanding International Law has become more and more necessary.This specialization provides students with the background necessary to recognize, understand and manage problems arising in the international legal order, including:

International Trade
Environmental Problems
Protection of Human Rights.

As a global hub, Miami and The University of Miami School of Law is an ideal place to studyInternational Law. Studying in Miami, students in the program are exposed to a broad background in public international law (both traditional public law and international economic law), comparative law, and international business transactions.

Courses & Requirements

Students must complete 24 credits with a minimum grade point average of 2.30/4.00 and comply with the LL.M. writing requirement in order to receive the Masters of Law in International Law degree. Many students pursue different paths in reachingthis goal. The exact number of courses taken depends on how many credits are associated with each course. Many students are most interested in our varied international and comparative law courses.

 Required Courses

International Business Transactions: This course focuses on the problems likely to be encountered when firms engage in transnational business transactions, both inbound and outbound. Emphasis is placed on finding practical solutions to such problems in light of current events, and upon the interplay between the current law of the United States and that of the civil law countries.The areas covered include: (i) sales and financing of goods and services, (ii) establishing and managing agencies, distributorships and other strategic alliances in transnational markets, (iii) protecting and licensing intellectual property rights, (iv) conducting direct foreign investments, including the protection of property from expropriation and nationalization, (v) complying with local laws including foreign exchange regulations, competition policies, laws aimed at protecting the nationals of the foreign country, and labor and environmental laws. The course will also touch upon problems involved in transnational litigation, including access to foreign courts, service of documents and discovery of evidence located abroad, the recognition of foreign judgments, and international arbitrations.

International Economic Law: This course reviews the basic principles that guide international economic activity, including: investment, trade in goods and services, foreign direct and portfolio investment and transfers of intellectual property. The course will focus on some of the principal multilateral institutions charged with regulating international economic policy: the World Trade Organization (WTO), including both the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), and the agreement on trade related intellectual property, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), regional trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), MERCOSUR and the European Union and organizations such as the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the United Nations Commission on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). Finally, the course will examine some of the ramifications of the globalization of the world economy for the environment, developing nations and regulation of multinational enterprises.

International Law: This course examines the law that governs the activities ofnations. Included are such topics as what international law is and how it contrasts with domestic law, how international law is created, who is governed by and has rights under international law, how international disputes are resolved, and the role of the United Nations. The course is important for those wanting to understand the international legal system and global change, but also provides a useful foundation for many other courses, such as International Copyright, International Criminal Law, International Economic Law, International Environmental Law, International Human Rights Law, International Tax, and related seminars.Writing Requirement: Seminar or independent research paper approved by Faculty Chair.

2) LL.M. in International Law (Inter-American)

This degree provides the knowledge and skills needed to represent clients investing or doing business in Latin America and the Caribbean.The program develops specialized knowledge of common law, civil law, and international law. It also offers wide exposure to industries represented throughout the region, such as banking, real estate, hospitality, telecommunications, technology, transportation, energy, entertainment, aviation, retail and insurance.

Why Miami for Inter-American Law?

Location: Miami is the gateway to Latin America. Not only do many American, European, and Asian companies have their Latin American regional headquarters here, but also the culture of the city lends itself to the learning and practicing of this niche legal area.

Work/Network with Local Latin-American Industry Experts: Students are paired with a legal in-house mentor that matches the student’s top of interest for the capstone project in the “Doing Business in Latin America Workshop” course. The student meets and consults with the Mentor periodically throughout the semester for insight on the topic. 

Bar Exam: Foreign-trained graduates of the Inter-American LL.M. Program may sit for the Bar Exam in several states without a J.D. degree, the most common being New York and California.  After being admitted to any bar in the United States, graduates may practice federal law in any of the 50 states or serve as corporate counsel within a corporation anywhere in the United States. 

The Americas Curriculum – “Path to Practice”

The program requires a total of 24 credits completed with a grade point average of 2.3/4.00, of which a minimum of 12 credits must be Inter-American law courses. Many students pursue different paths in reaching this goal as the exact number of courses taken depends on how many credits are associated with each course. 

Practicum in Latin America: Miami Law coordinates with major regional law firms to provide students with the opportunity to participate in a summer practicum in a Latin American country

Courses in Spanish: The law school offers an array of courses that are taught each semester in Spanish, enabling students a unique opportunity to develop their technical language skills as they master contemporary legal concepts. These courses are generally for American law graduates who are bilingual and will benefit from the practical use of the language in a legal setting. 

 Courses: Required and Elective


Doing Business in Latin America
Doing Business in Latin America Workshop
International Business Transactions
International Law

An Introduction to U.S. Law *
Legal Communication and Research*

(*Required only for foreign-trained law graduates to provide a foundation in American common law doctrine as well as legal writing and research.)


Students may then choose 7 additional credits from Inter-American law courses. Recently offered electives include:

  • Dispute Resolution in Latin America (in Spanish)
  • Latin American Contracts (in Spanish)
  • International Investments and Negotiations
  • International Trade Law
  • Introduction to Caribbean Law
  • Latin America: Lawyering Across Borders

Program Leadership  

Carmen Perez-Llorca, Director, International Graduate Law Programs & Lecturer in Law
Yasmina Assis, Associate Director, International Graduate Law Programs & Lecturer in Law
Caroline Bradley, Faculty Chair, International Law (General) & Professor of Law

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