As a result, most immigration advocates were astonished when the mayor caved to President Donald J. Trump on Jan. 26. The president had threatened to withhold federal funding for local governments—especially so-called “sanctuary cities” that shelter undocumented immigrants—if they did not help Immigration and Customs Enforcement officials keep those immigrants behind bars.
“It was remarkable to see a mayor of one of the largest and most diverse and vibrant immigrant communities in the nation be the first to capitulate” to Mr. Trump’s pressure, says University of Miami law professor and immigration expert Rebecca Sharpless.
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The ruling did not say definitively whether or not the president's action was constitutional. A professor law at Florida's University of Miami, David Abraham, told VOA the appeals court only reviewed the lower court order that halted enforcement of the president's order until its legality can be determined.
“The temporary bar, the 'putting on ice' of the president's executive order," will continue until the underlying question is resolved, Abraham said, "...whether the president has the power without either congressional or judicial support to bar people as he did.”
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A professor law at Florida's University of Miami, David Abraham, said it would be easier for Trump to replace the executive orders rather than try to fix them. "These orders are tainted beyond recognition and the administration has already backed off substantial parts of them," he said.
Mary Anne Franks, a professor at the University of Miami School of Law, analyzed stand your ground laws and how they are unevenly applied depending on defendants’ genders, and found that such laws enhance the legal system’s already robust support for white masculine violence against strangers while curtailing self-defensive rights for all women and non-whites. Black women in particular are frequently excluded from the protective promises of armed citizenship.
Many critics would also like schools to stop using the single investigator model, where one person does all the interviews and writes a report on whether they think the accused student is guilty.
“I’ve been in two different hearings now, and in both of them the [accused] person was found not responsible,” said Tamara Rice Lave, a University of Miami law professor. “But part of why it ended that way was that things came out in the hearing that the accused could respond to or ask questions about.” Had it been a single investigator model, Lave said, the accused might not have known what was presented as evidence against them and wouldn’t have been able to properly defend themselves.
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Acosta has many allies in Florida. "I wouldn’t have a single critical thing to say about him," said University of Miami School of Law Dean Patricia White, who credited him with significantly improving his school’s reputation as dean. "They have thrived under his leadership."
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