A. Michael Froomkin

Laurie Silvers and Mitchell Rubenstein Distinguished Professor of Law

J.D. 1987, Yale Law School
M.Phil. 1984, Cambridge University

Phone: 305-284-4285
Office: G382

A. Michael Froomkin, the Laurie Silvers and Mitchell Rubenstein Distinguished Professor of Law, received an M.Phil. degree from Cambridge University in 1984, and a J.D. from Yale Law School in 1987.

He clerked for Judge Stephen F. Williams of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit and for John F. Grady, chief judge of the Northern District of Illinois. Professor Froomkin joined the University of Miami faculty after working in the London office of the Washington, D.C., firm of Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering.

Professor Froomkin is the founder and editor-in-chief of JOTWELL: The Journal of Things We Like (Lots), an online law journal that publishes reviews of the best new scholarship relating to the law.  He is also the founder of the We Robot conference on legal and policy issues relating to robotics. 

He is an Affiliated Fellow of the Yale Information Society Project (Yale ISP), and on the Advisory Boards of the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), and the Future of Privacy Forum.

Professor Froomkin currently teaches Administrative Law, Torts, and short courses in Robot Law and Privacy.  He has also taught Constitutional Law, Civil Procedure I, International Law, Internet Law, Jurisprudence, and Trademark, and seminars in Intellectual Property in the Digital Era, Internet Governance, Law & Games, Regulation of Digital Identity, and Electronic Commerce.


Robot Law (2016).

Introduction, Robot Law (2016).

From Anonymity to Identification, 1 J. Reg. & Self-Reg. 121 (2015).

Regulating Mass Surveillance as Privacy Pollution: Learning from Environmental Impact Statements, 2015 U. Ill. L. Rev. 1713 (2015).

Self-Defense Against Robots, with Zack Colangelo, 48 Conn. L. Rev. 1 (2015).

Pseudonyms by Another Name: Identity Management in a Time of Surveillance, EPIC, PRIVACY IN THE MODERN AGE: THE SEARCH FOR SOLUTIONS (2015).


ICANN and the Domain Name System after the 'Affirmation of Commitments', Research Handbook on Governance of the Internet (2013).

‘PETs Must Be on a Leash': How US Law (and Industry Practice) Often Undermines and Even Forbids Valuable Privacy Protecting Technology, 74 Ohio St. L.J. 965 (2013).

Hard to Believe, The High Cost of a Biometric Identity Card, with Jonathan Weinberg, Research Brief issued by The Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Law and Social Policy University of California at Berkeley School of Law (2012).

Almost Free: An Analysis of ICANN's 'Affirmation of Commitments' , 9 J. Telecom. & High Tech. Law 187 (2011).

Ethical, legal and social issues for personal health records and applications, with Reid Cushman, Anita Cava, Patricia Abril, Kenneth Goodman, 43 Journal of Biomedical Informatics 551 (2010).

Anonymity and the Law in the USA (book chapter), LESSONS FROM THE IDENTITY TRAIL: ANONYMITY, PRIVACY AND IDENTITY IN A NETWORKED SOCIETY, with Ian Kerr, ed., (2009).

Identity Cards and Identity Romanticism (book chapter), LESSONS FROM THE IDENTITY TRAIL: ANONYMITY, PRIVACY AND IDENTITY IN A NETWORKED SOCIETY, with Ian Kerr, ed., (2009).

Building the Bottom Up from the Top Down, 5 I/S: A JOURNAL OF LAW AND POLICY FOR THE INFORMATION SOCIETY 141 (2009).

Government Data Breaches, 24 BERK. TECH. L.J. 1018 (2009).

The Uneasy Case for National ID Cards as a Means to Enhance Privacy (book chapter), SECURING PRIVACY IN THE INTERNET AGE, with A. Chandler, L. Gelman, M.J. Radin , (2008).

The New Health Information Architecture: Coping with the Privacy Implications of the Personal Health Records Revolution, UM ELSI Group for Project HealthDesign (2008).

ELSI Guide to Licensing Project HealthDesign Work Product in the Public Interest, Project HealthDesign (2007).

Forced Sharing of Patient-Controlled Health Records, UM ELSI Group for Project HealthDesign (2007).

Creating a Viral Federal Privacy Standard, 8 B.C. L. Rev. 55 (2007).

On the Future of Internet Governance, transcript of panel discussion) 101 AMERICAN SOCIETY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL MEETING (2007).


The Plural of Anecdote is "Blog", 84 WASH. U. L. REV. 1149 (2006).

International and National Regulation of the Internet (book chapter), THE ROUND TABLE EXPERT GROUP ON TELECOMMUNICATIONS LAWS: CONFERENCE PAPERS, with E.J. Dommering (ed.), N.A.N.M. Van Eijk (ed.), (2005).

Technologies for Democracy (book chapter), THE PROSPECTS FOR ELECTRONIC DEMOCRACY, with Peter Shane (ed.), (2004).

Virtual Worlds, Real Rules, with Caroline Bradley, 49 N.Y.L. Sch. L. Rev. 103 (2004).

When We Say America™ We Mean It, 41 HOUSTON. L. REV. 839 (2004).

Anonymity in the Balance (book chapter), DIGITAL ANONYMITY: TENSIONS AND DIMENSIONS, with C. Nicoll (ed.), J.E.J. Prins (ed.), M.J.M. van Dellen (ed.), (2003).

Commentary: Time to Hug a Bureaucrat, 35 LOY. U. CHI. L.J. 139 (2003).

Habermas@discourse.net: Toward a Critical Theory of Cyberspace, 116 HARV. L. REV. 749 (2003).

ICANN & Anti-Trust (co-authored with Mark Lemley), 2003 ILLINOIS L. REV. 1 (2003).

ICANN 2.0: Meet the New Boss, 36 LOY. L.A. L. REV 1087 (2003).

Form and Substance in Cyberspace, 6 SMALL & EMERGING BUS. L. 93 (2002).

ICANN's UDRP: Its Causes and (Partial) Cures, 67 BROOKLYN L. REV. 605 (2002).

Internet Governance: The ICANN Experiment (Or, Three Paradoxes in Search of a Paradigm), LA LIBERTAD DE INFORMACIÓN: GOBIERNO Y ARQUITECTURA DE INTERNET 12 (2001).

The Collision of Trademarks, Domain Names, and Due Process in Cyberspace, 44 COMM. ACM 91 (2001).

Internet's International Regulation: Emergence and Enforcement (book chapter), The Evolution of Legal Systems, Bijuralism and International Trade (2000).

Semi-Private International Rulemaking: Lessons Learned from the WIPO Domain Name Process (book chapter), REGULATING THE GLOBAL INFORMATION SOCIETY, with Christopher Marsden (ed.), 211 (2000).

Speculative Microeconomics for Tomorrow's Economy (book chapter), INTERNET PUBLISHING AND BEYOND: THE ECONOMICS OF DIGITAL INFORMATION AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, with James Bradford De Long, Brian Kahin (ed.), Hal Varian (ed.), (2000).

Wrong Turn in Cyberspace: Using ICANN to Route Around the APA and the Constitution, 50 DUKE L.J. 17 (2000).

The Death of Privacy?, 52 STAN. L. REV. 1641 (2000).

Beating Microsoft at its Own Game, with J. Bradford De Long, (Review of CHARLES FERGUSON, HIGH STAKES, NO PRISONERS (1999) HARV. BUS. REV. 159 (2000).

2B as Legal Software for Electronic Contracting -- Operating System or Trojan Horse?, 13 BERKELEY L. & TECHNOLOGY JOURNAL 1023 (1999).

A Commentary on WIPO's 'The Management of Internet Names and Addresses: Intellectual Property Issues, (1999).

A Critique of WIPO's RFC3, (1999).

Legal Issues in Anonymity and Pseudonymity, 15 AAAS SYMPOSIUM VOLUME THE INFORMATION SOCIETY 113 (1999).

Of Governments and Governance, 14 BERKELEY LAW & TECHNOLOGY JOURNAL 617 (1999).

The Constitution and Encryption Regulation: Do We Need a "New Privacy"?, 3 N.Y.U. J. LEGIS & PUB. POL. 25 (1999).

Climbing the Most Dangerous Branch: Legisprudence and the New Legal Process (Book Review), 66 TEX. L. REV. 1071 (1998).

Comment, The Empire Strikes Back, 73 Chi-Kent L. Rev. 1101 (1998).

Firme digitali e Autorità di Certificazione: La garanzie di validità degli atti elettronici, with Giovanni Nasi (tr.), 23 INGENIUM (Italy) 12 (1998).

Recent Developments in US Computer Law, AMICUS CURIAE 27 (1998).

The Internet as a Source of Regulatory Arbitrage (book chapter), BORDERS IN CYBERSPACE, with Brian Kahin (ed.), Charles Nesson (ed.), (1997).

Digital Signatures Today, 1318 Financial Cryptography Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science (1997).

Flood Control on the Information Ocean: Living With Anonymity, Digital Cash, and Distributed Databases, 15 U. PITT. J. L. & COM. 395 (1996).

It Came From Planet Clipper, 1996 U. CHI. L. FORUM 15 (1996).

The Essential Role of Trusted Third Parties in Electronic Commerce, 75 ORE. L. REV. 49 (1996).

Anonymity and Its Enmities, 1 JOURNAL OF ONLINE LAW art 4 (1995).

Reinventing the Government Corporation, 1995 ILL. L. REV. 543 (1995).

The Metaphor is the Key: Cryptography, the Clipper Chip and the Constitution, 143 U. Penn. L. Rev. 709 (1995).

The Constitutionality of Mandatory Key Escrow--A First Look, with Lance Hoffman (ed.), BUILDING IN BIG BROTHER: THE CRYPTOGRAPHIC POLICY DEBATE 413 (1995).

Still Naked After All These Words, 88 NW. L. REV. 1420 (1994).

The Imperial Presidency's New Vestments, 88 NW. L. REV. 1346 (1994).

Politiké Finance V ÈSFR, with Steve Gordon, 12 PRÁVNÍK 1079 (1990).

Note, In Defense of Administrative Agency Autonomy, 96 787 (1987).

 Media Appearances

"Fiddler's Creek suits become latest in libel, slander cases involving bloggers" in Marco Eagle 2013

"Suit: Internet cafe law also bans computers" in The Tampa Tribune 2013

"The Death of Privacy" is quoted in the article "For Their Eyes Only" in Computerworld India 2013

Phone: 305-284-4285
Office: G382
Faculty Assistant

Dalama, Caridad